Al-Khwarizmi was a ninth century Islamic mathematician. His full name was Mohammed ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi. He studied extensively mathematics, astronomy and geography. His research was funded by the king of Persia, Caliph Al-Ma’mun. He lived in what is now called Iran and died in 850 A.D. in Baghdad.

He is considered the father of what is now we call algorithm. The word *algorithm* is a corrupted form of his name Al-Khwarizm. Initially, this branch of mathematics was known as *algorismus,*Latinised version of Al-Khwarizm.

In its elementary form, algorithm is a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer or mathematical principle. In the seventeenth century itself, this method was used in Arab countries and India for solving problems by step-by-step mathematics.

Algorithm can be adopted to perform calculation,= data processing and automated reasoning tasks.This process has different connotations in different branches of science. In computer science, binary search, also known as half-interval search,logarithmic search, or binary drop is a search algorithm. This finds the position of a target value within a sorted data array.

Al-Khwarizmi write a scholarly treatise titled, *Hindu-Arabic Numeral System.*

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